February 8, 2007 : Thursday
Corruption : An Immoral Action
Corruption is a general concept describing any organized,interdependent system in which part of the system is either not performing duties it was originally intended to, or performing them in an improper way, to the detriment of the system’s original purpose. It is also the abuse of power by a public officials for a public gain. In order to be corrupt, an action must involve a corruptor who performs the action or a person who is corrupted by it. Of course, corruptor and corrupted need not necessarily be the same person.and indeed there not be both a corruptor and all that is required is that there be a corruptor or a corrupted person. There are many kinds of corruptionbut the most common is what we called “Political Corruption” . It is known because all forms of government are susceptible to political corruption. All forms of corruption vary but include bribery, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, patronage, graft and embezzlement. While corruption may facilitate criminal enterprise such as drug trafficking and money laundering is not restricted to these organized crime activities. Political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate, usually secret private gain.
The reason why there is corruption are information deficits, lacking control over and accountability of the government, opportunities and incentives and social conditions. The effects of this absence is that in elections and in legislative bodies reduces accountability and distorts representation in policy making. Corruption in the judiciary compromises the rule of law and corruption in public administration results in the unfair provision of services. It also results lower compliance with construction, environmental or other regulations, reduces the quality of government services and infrastructure and increases budgetary pressures on government.
I chose this topic because of two reasons. One is that, corruption has become an issue of major political and economic significance in recent years and reports state thatis one of the most corrupt country in Asia and as a citizen of this country, we have to take measures against it. Study finds that parliamentary system is associated with lower corruption. Is this means that it is good for us to change our system to a parliamentary? But we must remember that in any political areas corruption remains. It is only difficult to prove it but impossible to prove its absence because corruption includes desire for wealth, status and power. One thing Koffi Annan said ” Corruption hurts the poor disproportionately by diverting funds intended for development, undermining governments ability to provide basic services, funding inequally and injustice and discouraging foreign investment and aid”.